Foods good for the stomach
The foods we consume are directly related to health. If we eat right and the body receives a sufficient amount of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, and at the same time the products are of high quality and properly prepared, then the risk of stomach disease is significantly reduced. But, unfortunately, the modern rhythm of life involves a lot of snacks and food on the go. Therefore, there are so many people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract ( GIT ).
The role of nutrition in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Proper nutrition is at the heart of the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. All kinds of modern medicines, of course , help, but their effect will come to naught if you do not change the wrong way of life and continue to use harmful foods.
The diet may have the following clinical effects:
with the help of the right products, acidity can be regulated;
activate and normalize gastric motility;
improve digestive function;
What foods should be consumed
Some of the most beneficial foods for the stomach are those that contain fiber. For example, vegetables, fruits, bran, cereals. Such products are digested for a long time and at the same time have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, activate gastric motility.
The richest fruit in terms of fiber content is the banana. In other fruits and vegetables, the bulk of this useful component is found in the peel. Therefore, they are best eaten fresh or in the form of vegetable salads seasoned with vegetable oil. It is good to add greens to such a dish. Only if you have no contraindications, stomach pain, ulcers, gastritis.
Bread is better to eat whole grain , it has a lot of fiber.
Especially useful are dairy products such as kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream. They normalize acidity and contain calcium , vitamins A, B1, B2, B12.
For people suffering from gastritis and ulcers, a diet containing cereals, such as semolina, oatmeal, rice, buckwheat, is shown, they are best eaten pureed or well boiled, so as not to disturb the mucous membrane with coarse particles. These cereals are rich in potassium and magnesium. At the same time, they have a beneficial effect on the mucous membrane of the digestive organs, contribute to the healing of the irritated surface.
Heavy foods for the stomach
Below is a list of foods that are not good for the stomach. They can irritate the walls and lead to painful conditions of the digestive organs and the formation of ulcers, bloating, pain, difficult digestion, and heartburn. These products include:
very spicy food;
high consumption of spices and spices;
low-quality products (spoiled);
alcohol and soda;
Light foods for the stomach
Products useful for the stomach should be consumed by patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage and during remission.
Sweet tooths are allowed to eat lean cookies, without yeast buns , pies. Baking must be not fresh, but yesterday or dried. In small quantities, you can eat marshmallows and marshmallows.
From meat, it is better to choose low-fat varieties, such as chicken, turkey, beef, rabbit. The same applies to fish. These foods are more easily absorbed in the intestines. Meat can be eaten simply boiled or baked, or you can cook various dishes without the use of oil, such as steam cutlets, zrazy, meatballs.
It is useful to consume dairy products, especially cottage cheese. From it you can cook cheesecakes and casseroles. It is allowed to eat a little hard low-fat cheese.
From drinks it is useful to drink rosehip broth, weak tea with milk, fruit and vegetable juices.
Vegetables and fruits, for patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, are best consumed after heat treatment, boiled, baked, steamed. Vegetables are especially useful for the stomach. For example, beets, cauliflower, pumpkin, carrots and potatoes.
Foods that are good for the stomach and stimulate the gastrointestinal tract
In some patients, most often the elderly, intestinal motility worsens and the person begins to suffer from constant constipation. But there are foods that stimulate the motility of the stomach and intestines, which improves digestion and reduces the likelihood of constipation. Foods that are good for the stomach include:
Dairy products (kefir, fermented baked milk, cottage cheese).
Vegetables: pumpkin, beets, carrots, sauerkraut. You can vegetable soups, but only without meat.
Fruits: melon, apple, plum.
Berries and jam from them.
Various cereals on the water.
In order for food to be beneficial, follow a few rules.
First, the food must be chemically safe. Food that can harm the mucosa must be excluded.
Secondly, it is necessary to provide mechanical protection. You need to eat in small portions, but often, 5-6 times a day. In this case, the food must be crushed so that coarse pieces do not damage the irritated mucosa.
Thirdly, observe the temperature regime. This is especially important during an exacerbation. You can not consume both too hot dishes and very cold ones. The most favorable temperature is 40 degrees.
Fourth, if possible, avoid negative external factors. Stress, various infections, unhealthy lifestyle – all this can cause the development of gastritis or the formation of an ulcer.