The intestinal microbiota is a collection of microorganisms that provide normal human life. Moreover, this alliance is beneficial for all participants.
Microbiota perform many important functions for the body: digestive, immune, antitoxic, protective and motor-evacuation. Therefore, a normal balance of essential microorganisms is very important for health.
At the same time, the composition of the microflora is very diverse. It contains normal microorganisms such as bifidus and lactobacilli and bacteroids. Their number occupies a large part of the total mass. And they only have a positive effect on the body. Reducing these representatives will make room for harmful bacteria.
The microbiota also contains conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, which perform a protective function in small quantities, and if their number begins to exceed normal microorganisms, then acute infectious diseases will develop. And pathogenic microorganisms should not be in the composition, otherwise they lead to serious diseases.
In order to find out the composition of your microflora, you need to pass a microbiota analysis.
The best way to maintain the right microbiota is to eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. And there are also some drugs that are able to restore the desired composition. But they should be discussed with your doctor.
If you notice digestive problems such as diarrhea or constipation, periodic nausea and vomiting, apathy, poor appetite, flatulence, then you should take a microbiota test.
Gut microbiota analysis
In order to check the composition of the microflora, there are several ways, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.
The most common bacteriological Analysis of feces for bacterial culture . In this analysis, 4 types of bacteria are isolated and their properties are examined, at the same time they are checked how antibiotics affect them. Analysis takes 4-5 days. But the study is significantly influenced by the human factor, so the results can vary significantly. There is another analysis, this is the chromatographic method according to Osipov. It consists in determining the components of microbial cells, that is, the rapid identification of a microbe by specific morphological components. More than 50 types of microbes can be detected in this microbiota analysis. But it requires expensive equipment, which not all laboratories have, as well as the price of this analysis is high.