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Diet for gastritis of the stomach. Menu for the week

Gastritis in modern man is a common condition. Constant snacking, malnutrition, junk food, poisoning – all this can provoke gastritis. A lot of people lead this lifestyle. Therefore, many people have stomach problems. So what to do?

Are you constantly on medication? Medical pharmaceuticals are well developed, but proper diet plays a big role in stomach problems. The basic principle of such nutrition is not to irritate the mucous membrane, so as not to cause exacerbations, but at the same time give the body the right amount of nutrients. True, in advance you need to be examined for the presence of helicobacter .

The basic rules of the diet for gastritis of the stomach

Here are a few rules of nutrition for people suffering from this disease:

  1. You have to leave the table a little hungry. And remember that the feeling of fullness comes in 15-20 minutes. And a full stomach, even a healthy person, copes with digestion much worse. What can we say about stomachs with gastritis!
  2. Be sure to follow the diet. You need to eat at the same time, in small portions, 4-5 times a day. At the same time, snacking should be avoided. While eating, it is not recommended to read, watch TV.
  3. You need to rest after eating. Sleep is not required! 20 minutes is enough just to relax, read a book, watch TV, just lie down.
  4. You need to chew your food very well. The better you chew each bite, the easier it will be for your stomach to digest the food.

Diet for gastritis of the stomach, if the acidity is increased

With this disease, a lot of acid is released in the stomach. In this case, diet number 1 is recommended . The main thing is to protect your stomach from negative influences, thermal, chemical and mechanical, which will stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid. This diet contributes to the tightening of ulcers. Basic Rules:

  • Hot and cold foods should be avoided. Hot will irritate the already damaged mucosa, and the cold will have to spend too much energy on the body to digest.
  • You need to forget about fast food and other harmful things. No fatty, spicy or smoked foods. Also carbonated drinks are excluded.
  • Reduce the amount of salt consumed, no more than 10 grams per day.
  • Switch to cooking without fat. Steamed food, baked food or dry pan cooking.
  • Strictly follow the diet. Small portions 5-6 times a day. Before going to bed, the last meal is 3 hours before bedtime.

Allowed products:

  • Lean meat cooked without oil or crust. Oil can be added to cooked food.
  • Eggs, no more than 2 per day.
  • Tea, you can with milk, cocoa.
  • Flour products, you need to choose dried products, crackers, drying. Baking should be yesterday, fresh is not allowed.
  • Milk and dairy products.
  • Soups with pureed cereals. Vegetable puree.
  • Potatoes, beets, carrots, zucchini, young pumpkin.
  • Porridge with milk or water. In this case, the cereal must be wiped.
  • Ripe fruits and berries. Compotes and jelly are perfect.
  • Sugar.

Prohibited Products:

  • Fatty meat and fish. Boiled soups.
  • Rye bread, pastry.
  • Ice cream and chocolate.
  • Spicy dishes, spices.
  • Soda.
  • Smoked products.
  • Citruses, fruits that are not yet ripe.
  • beans.
  • Alcohol, cigarettes.

Diet for gastritis during an exacerbation

In the stage of exacerbation, nutrition should be approached as strictly as possible, concessions cannot be made to oneself. The main diet is boiled meat and fish, low-fat cottage cheese. From drinks jelly or tea with the addition of milk.

Diet for gastritis of the stomach, if the acidity is low

If hydrochloric acid is not produced enough, then this has a bad effect on the function of digestion. Digestion will suffer because indigestion and fermentation of foods in the stomach will begin, and the result of all this will be belching, nausea, heaviness and other unpleasant symptoms.

Proper treatment of hypoacid gastritis will not do without a properly selected diet. Products are needed that can increase acidity and will not irritate the mucous membrane. For this case, table number 2 is suitable.

Permitted products and method of their preparation:

  1. Before use, food must be crushed and processed. It can be boiled, steamed and even fried. But you can not use breading, as a rough crust is formed, which can injure the mucous membrane. Foods with a high fiber content should be consumed in the form of purees.
  2. The use of rye bread should be limited, as it irritates the mucous membranes. But you can eat wheat. It is worth forgetting about fresh bread, just cooked, it is better to use yesterday’s bread. You can eat pastries, but only from unleavened dough.
  3. Eat pasta and easily digestible cereals such as semolina, buckwheat, rice, oatmeal. They need to be well cooked. It is better to cook them with water, but you can use low-fat milk if there is no intolerance.
  4. Soups are very useful for such an ailment. But you need to cook either puree soup, or boil the food well and cut it finely. It is better to make vegetable soups. Or drain the first broth. Lean meat or fish can be put in the soup, but chopped very well.
  5. Feel free to eat lean meat and poultry, as well as lean fish varieties. These foods help the body produce enzymes and increase the amount of hydrochloric acid. Therefore, their use is necessary. Meat can be boiled, steamed, fried, but without skin.
  6. You can use omelettes and soft-boiled eggs. But you can not abuse it, only 1 per day.
  7. Vegetables are useful for everyone, they contain a lot of vitamins and trace elements, so patients with gastritis also need them. The main thing is to cook right. Vegetables in the form of mashed potatoes are well absorbed. Fresh vegetables should be consumed without a rough peel and in a pureed form. You can make fresh juice. For example, cabbage or tomato, this will increase the acidity. And potato and pumpkin juices, on the contrary, neutralize the acid. Vegetables such as zucchini, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, beets, cauliflower contribute to acidity.
  8. A diet for gastritis of the stomach with low acidity suggests not to abuse milk, as it causes fermentation. And in many patients, against the background of this disease, intolerance develops. But to use fermented milk products, hard and not spicy cheese and low-fat cottage cheese is simply necessary. These foods are high in calcium. And kefir and fermented baked milk are natural probiotics.
  9. You can eat fruits. They are great for acidity. But the peel must be removed.
  10. Butter and vegetable oil can be added to food.
  11. Occasionally, you can treat yourself to a small piece of doctor’s sausage or boil milk sausages.
  12. The use of salt for patients with gastritis is limited. The food comes freshly prepared. You need to eat in small portions and often, from 5 to 7 times a day. It is better to chew food for a long time in order to chop well.
  13. From drinks you can drink tea, tea with lemon, coffee and cocoa. Sour kissels and various dried fruit compote are well suited. Do not give up freshly squeezed juices. And both vegetables and fruits. But it is better to dilute them with water in a ratio of 1: 1.

What foods should be excluded during a diet for gastritis of the stomach with low acidity:

  1. Hot spices and sauces.
  2. Fresh bakery.
  3. Canned meat and fish.
  4. Smoked products.
  5. salinity.
  6. Fatty food, fat.
  7. Berries with grains, such as strawberries, currants, raspberries.
  8. Fresh vegetables, not chopped. As well as radish, radish, onion, garlic. Beans and mushrooms.
  9. Hard-boiled eggs.
  10. Kvass, soda and alcohol.

Menu for a week with gastritis of the stomach

With this disease, it is very important to follow a diet. To avoid disruptions, it is worth planning your menu in advance and purchasing products. This will help you not to use the forbidden product when you want to eat.

Monday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Semolina porridge. Can be boiled in water or skim milk. Tea with unsweetened crackers.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Soft-boiled egg.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Well cooked noodle soup. Pureed buckwheat porridge with baked chicken breast. Kissel.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Ripe sweet apple puree.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Steamed chicken cutlets. Mashed potatoes. Tea or compote.
  6. Late dinner – 21:00. Ryazhenka.

Tuesday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Omelet made from egg whites in a dry frying pan. You can add some grated cheese. Tea.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Some cottage cheese with a low fat content.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Vegetable puree soup. Zucchini baked in the oven. Boiled fish. Apple compote.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Bad cookies. Tea with milk.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Steamed chicken meatballs, buckwheat, boiled and pureed. Charlotte. Tea.
  6. Late dinner – 21.00. Kefir.

Wednesday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Cottage cheese pancakes cooked in the oven. Coffee with milk.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Baked apple.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Well cooked noodle soup. Steamed turkey cutlets. Stewed vegetables. carrot juice,
  4. diluted with water.
  5. Snack – 16:00. Puree made from ripe sweet apple. Cocoa.
  6. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. The rice is well cooked. Boiled beef. Kissel.
  7. Late dinner – 21:00. Kefir.

Thursday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Omelet made from egg whites in a dry frying pan. Cocoa.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Baked apple.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Cauliflower soup with cheese. Buckwheat, well boiled. Codfish soufflé. Compote of their prunes.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Charlotte. Tea.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Baked potatoes. Chicken breast with a spoonful of sour cream. Tea.
  6. Late dinner – 21:00. Ryazhenka.

Friday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Semolina porridge cooked with water or low-fat milk. Tea with unsweetened crackers.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Soft-boiled egg.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Well cooked noodle soup. Pureed buckwheat porridge with stewed pollock. Compote.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Rusks are bad. Cocoa.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Braised carrots. Turkey breast baked in cream. Tea.
  6. Late dinner – 21:00. A glass of ryazhenka.

Saturday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Pureed oatmeal with apple jam. Hard cheese. Cocoa.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Cheesecake.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Braised beef. Kissel.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Fish baked in the oven. Mashed potatoes. Tea.
  6. Late dinner – 21:00. Kefir.

Sunday:

  1. Breakfast – 7:00-8:00. Cottage cheese pancakes cooked in the oven. Apple jam. Cocoa.
  2. Snack – 10:00. Curd soufflé.
  3. Lunch – 13:00. Soup in vegetable broth with the addition of chicken breast. Buckwheat. Meatballs. Tea.
  4. Snack – 16:00. Charlotte. Juice.
  5. Dinner – 18:30-19:00. Boiled cauliflower. Steam cutlet. Tomato juice.
  6. Late dinner – 21:00. Ryazhenka.

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