Atypical cells – is it cancer or not?
Atypical cells are cells that, under the influence of various adverse factors, have transformed from an ordinary normal cell of the human body into an uncharacteristic structure, changed their size and shape. The body, in turn, loses control over such cells, so there is a risk of degeneration of atypical cells, which can lead to the formation of cancer.
What can affect the formation of atypical cells:
- Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.
- Weak radiation.
- Electromagnetic radiation.
- Aggressive chemicals.
- Failure in the body.
- Inflammation and infection
- Natural aging.
These are some of the factors that can lead to the formation of abnormal cells. Unfortunately, no one can say the exact cause of their occurrence. Even some minor malfunction in the body can lead to the emergence of not one or even two such cells, but thousands.
How does atypical cells degenerate into cancer
It has long been known that the formation of cells with altered DNA appear constantly. But the appearance of abnormal cells does not always lead to cancer. Our body has a protective mechanism, the process of aging and cell destruction, the so-called apoptosis. It is responsible for making abnormal cells disappear from the body. But any system can fail, and as a result, atypical cells hide in the body. In this situation, there is a possibility of their degeneration into cancer cells.
What to do if abnormal cells are found during a biopsy? Is it cancer or not?
- First, don’t panic, you already know that abnormal cells are not always cancerous.
- Secondly, your body itself can cope with this problem, especially if the cause of their occurrence has been eliminated. Some people may need special treatment.
- Thirdly, you need to immediately check your abnormal cells, whether it is cancer or not. Examine the focus of the accumulation in more detail for the presence of a cancer structure and make sure that it does not begin to develop.
- Fourth, after all the tests done have confirmed that atypical cells are not malignant, they must be closely monitored by a doctor. In order not to miss changes in them for the worse. Various additional tests and examinations will only benefit.
In such a situation, it is better to play it safe than to miss something. After all, early detection of cancer can save your life.
Sometimes a doctor prescribes a specific treatment to try to stop the formation of abnormal cells. Or another tissue sample may be needed – an additional biopsy, to be sure that there is no cancer or some other disease.